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Differentiate between Collective Bargaining and Collective Agreements

Collective bargaining and collective agreements are two important concepts that are often used interchangeably, but they are not the same thing. Understanding these two terms is crucial for anyone involved in labor relations or human resources.

Collective bargaining refers to the process of negotiation between an employer and a union representing a group of employees. The goal of collective bargaining is to reach a mutually acceptable agreement on various issues such as wages, benefits, working conditions, and job security. Collective bargaining is usually conducted by a union representative who is designated to represent the interests of the employees.

A collective agreement, on the other hand, is a written document that outlines the terms and conditions of employment agreed upon during collective bargaining. It is a legally binding contract between an employer and a union that represents a group of employees. The collective agreement covers a wide range of issues, including salaries, benefits, working hours, job security, and working conditions.

One of the biggest differences between collective bargaining and collective agreements is their scope. Collective bargaining is a process that takes place between the employer and the union. On the other hand, a collective agreement is a formal agreement that results from the process of collective bargaining.

Another important difference is that collective bargaining is an ongoing process that takes place periodically, while a collective agreement is a one-time event that is negotiated between the parties. Collective bargaining can be initiated by either the employer or the union, and it usually takes place before the expiration of an existing collective agreement.

In conclusion, collective bargaining and collective agreements are two important concepts that are essential to the employer-employee relationship. Collective bargaining is the process by which an employer and a union negotiate, while a collective agreement is the final product of that negotiation. Understanding the difference between these terms is crucial for anyone involved in labor relations or human resources.

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